‘Could a rule be given from without, poetry would cease to be poetry, and sink into a mechanical art. It would be μóρφωσις, not ποίησις. The rules of the IMAGINATION are themselves the very powers of growth and production. The words to which they are reducible, present only the outlines and external appearance of the fruit. A deceptive counterfeit of the superficial form and colours may be elaborated; but the marble peach feels cold and heavy, and children only put it to their mouths.’ [Coleridge, Biographia ch. 18]
‘ποίησις’ (poiēsis) means ‘a making, a creation, a production’ and is used of poetry in Aristotle and Plato. ‘μóρφωσις’ (morphōsis) in essence means the same thing: ‘a shaping, a bringing into shape.’ But Coleridge has in mind the New Testament use of the word as ‘semblance’ or ‘outward appearance’, which the KJV translates as ‘form’: ‘An instructor of the foolish, a teacher of babes, which hast the form [μóρφωσις] of knowledge and of the truth in the law’ [Romans 2:20]; ‘Having a form [μóρφωσις] of godliness, but denying the power thereof: from such turn away’ [2 Timothy 3:5]. I trust that's clear.
There is much more on Coleridge at my other, Coleridgean blog.
Thursday, 11 October 2018
Ahab in Rehab
The latest meeting of Whalecolohics Anonymous
is underway. A semicircle of sea captains.
‘I sacrificed two marriages, all my wealth,’ says one
‘to the Whale. It rode me, ruined me. It has—’
pride entering his voice now—‘been twelve years since
my last harpooning.’ Gruff hearhears, a stern well done Jack.
The convenor's courteous: ‘thank you Jacob.
Ahab? Anything you'd like to tell the group?’
Ahab, arms braided more than crossed at his hefty chest
glares at the floor, neggs the group with his pegleg
scrapes it, squeeak-peg over the lino, bangs it down,
says: ‘do it matter? it do not. We're all dead.
Whale killed us, each and all. This endless meeting
that pitiless neon-light, these blind white walls
is hell, nor are we out of it. Drowned and damned,
condemned to conversation. The more talk
the less we have to do with aught that looks like life.
Anonymous because damnation's faceless.
I do not hate the Whale. I hate the drink that sunk me.
The Whale was when I was utmostest alive.
Keel-haul me, Ishmael, if ever I blaspheme
the awful mystery of the cetacean sublime!’
The convenor's courteous, but his court's infernal.
‘Come now, my friend: you'll never win your chip
for twelve aeons fishobriety like this.’
His voice hardens just a touch. ‘No one leaves
this room until old Ahab here repents.’
The others sigh, some groan, one swears at him:
‘don't be a dick about it, A-hole.’ Still: not
the smallest atom stirs or lives, even in Hell,
but has its cunning duplicate in mind.
His stubborness is white as Arctic cliffs.
The convenor tuts. ‘Let's go again,’ he says.
‘Captain Takeo: perhaps you'd start us off?’